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The primary metals industry includes businesses that produce metal products musing metal ore or scrap metal. Metal plants refine products, cast metal into different shapes and produce metal for either refining or casting. This industry uses both ferrous and non-ferrous metals, produces metal products and alloys, and creates both end products and stock for other companies and industries. Primary metals industries include steel works, furnaces, foundry operations, smelting and refining. Some companies work to produce metals for other companies, while other businesses operate to produce metal products for their own use or sales.

Ferrous metals have iron components, while non-ferrous metals do not contain iron. Ferrous metals are usually magnetic and can either be pure iron or just contain iron. Every form of steel is also considered a ferrous metal. Ferrous metals have an extremely broad range of use in the primary metals industry and other industries as well. This product is used in everything from kitchenware to support beams for buildings. Iron is extremely strong and hard, making it a prime metal in this industry. Many basic metal products that are made from primary metals include sheets, strips, bars, wire, rods and castings. Base metal elements that many businesses and industries use include zinc, lead, nickel and tin. A base metal is one that oxidizes when air gets to it.

The difference between primary metals and secondary metals is that primary metals are obtained from a natural source while secondary metals are obtained from waste and scrap. A major issue with the primary metals industry is pollution. The type of pollution that’s caused by metal production depends on the specific process that’s being used. Every plant should have waste and pollution operations that they abide by in order to keep the work environment healthy and safe. 

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Featured Projects / Case Study

CCI provides on-going support for a major transmission plant in the Midwest on a scheduled and on-call basis.  This work is performed in conjunction and coordination with the plant’s operations and maintenance team in order to insure continued, high quality operation of key components.  CCI responds to in-plant emergencies to restore plant operations as quickly as possible.  CCI’s participation in the management of this facility assists in providing quality products for the plant’s customers.

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CCI has provided fluid removals, equipment cleaning, and residuals management services for equipment and related piping systems in advance of the removal (strip-out) of the equipment at a former automotive plant in Ohio.  Also, depending on project scope, CCI provides cleaning of pits and trenches as necessary in advance of, or during, equipment removal.   In execution of this work, CCI operates in close coordination with the Owner’s site, engineering, and environmental representatives.  Effective strip-out preparation provided by CCI helps reduce equipment demolition timing and helps maintain project cost and schedule.

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To support Owner developed demolition specifications, and regulatory requirements, CCI addressed the universal wastes, residual chemicals, and surface cleaning of a former auto plant in Michigan.  The objective of this pre-demolition cleaning is to remove hazardous materials so that the demolition can occur without impacting other media.  This pre-demolition cleaning also maximizes recovery and recycling efforts by reducing surface contamination and avoiding the disposal of valuable construction materials.

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In support of rehabilitation of an abandoned auto plant in Michigan, CCI provided post-demolition cleaning of concrete surfaces; including slabs, pits, and trenches. This effort not only provided a safer work environment, it also facilitated backfilling and other rehabilitation activities.

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